Posts tagged Tselinograd

The Future of “World Class” Slave Mentality

Having lived in Astana, Kazakhstan for one year almost a year ago, I was in the very  bowels of the new university’s glorious start. The university once opened fall of 2010 has since been named after the current president of Kazakhstan.  I witnessed first hand how much was/is being invested into the higher education of young Kazakh students. I had many Bolashak [means “future” in Kazakh] scholars who were my working colleagues and friends. After they had lived in the U.S. or U.K. one or two years, they seemed to empathize with me as the westerner trying to wade my way through the murky politics of the new university.

However, I also saw that for their own protection they had to watch out for themselves while working unswervingly for the concept of the greater good, the future of Kazakhstan.  When I was no longer a part of the game of striving and finding my place, they struggled on without me in their own energy.  I believe the “slave mentality” existed for these young people on the lower end of the pole. Many Bolashak scholars were not paid much. Some of these highly trained individuals fared far worse if they could only secure jobs in the national universities in the old part of Astana or Almaty (former capital in southern Kazakhstan).  Supposedly obedience and slavery to the old order would help them rise to the top.

Astana means “capital” in Kazakh.  It was also known as Akmola and Akmolinsk [white grave] after it had been named during the Soviet era Tselinograd. Watch, there will be a name change soon to reflect the vision of the current president, it will undoubtedly be named after him.  “Astana” is just a place holder name.

This new city on the flat steppe may seem artificial with its strange architecture but it certainly gets your attention since most of the time there is extreme wind and cold to hamper its reputation as a capital city to be admired.  Perhaps the president has done much good in moving the capital from the south of Kazakhstan to the middle of nowhere in the north, but at what cost? Think slavery with the internal migrants (sex slaves from the rural areas of Kazakhstan in the brothels of Almaty and Astana) and the labor force who have been brought in from Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan to build these elaborate buildings.

I know for a fact the new university in Astana wants to be considered “world-class” but that can hardly be a reality if most of the people in the western world don’t even know about Kazakhstan.  That has to be infuriating and humbling for those Bolashak scholars who travel to U.K. Canada or U.S.  Yes, to discover people don’t even know their dear country, which they represent and is the ninth largest in the world, actually exists.

I think there is something very artificial about living in such a climate, no different from existing in the summer heat of Arizona where temperatures soar to 100 degrees F or more days on end. You can’t help but admire those who have lived in Astana for over 20-30 years.  The pecking order begins there whether you have any expertise in your field or not, if you have survived this city of wind and cold, you are to be reckoned with.  Note that those who are in the different ministries are the older generation who call the shots. They are to be respected and obeyed. The country will continue to lumber and lurch forward, all the while I wish the best for the Bolashak generation.  Please read this blog that shows photos of Astana and deals with his insights on Bolashak and Astana. “Molapse” was a fellow teaching colleague of mine when we taught at another “world class university” in Almaty. ‘Nuff said.

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Photos and an American economist’s perspective on Astana

The following photos and text are to my husband’s credit.  He has a Ph.D. in economics from University of Wisconsin in Madison. Everything he sees, wherever he goes is from an economist’s point of view.  Much to speculate and know about when it comes to the city of Astana, a “new” city that keeps being built since ten years ago when it was “birthed” by the president of Kazakhstan.

The construction has to happen in this narrow window of time while the weather is good because it can get so bitterly cold in the winter.  And yet, the construction workers keep working year round no matter how cold.  (many of them are NOT Kazakh but from other nearby countries who need work, they aren’t paid that much or so I’m told).  Enjoy seeing Astana through an economist’s eyes:

Locals call the old town on right bank of the river, “Tselinograd” (Virgin Lands Town) and the Left Bank where the government is being reestablished as “Astana” (“Capital”)  People expect that at some point the capital’s name will be changed to the president’s name.  Astana and he share the same birthday, July 6.

The golden minaret building was built for something else and then the Ministry of Agriculture got it. It is on the corner of Auezova and Kenesary. The lighting was interesting as sun broke through the clouds.

One photo shows the Caterpillar heavy shovel, and the various other “yellow” pieces of equipment from China, Japan, South Korea. These are painted yellow, I think to take part of Cat’s brand.  Caterpillar is one of the great American industrial export companies.

Of course a lot is going on.  Streets are being repaved, but the main thing that might need explaining is the burying of those great big pipes that lay on the ground here. This is a very cold country, and those pipes are the distribution pipes from the TETS or electrical plants that cogenerate hot water that is pumped around the city to heat the buildings.

I understand that Scandanavia has this kind of communal heating.  If there were natural gas piped up here and distributed by small pipes to the apartments, there would be no need for this.  If they could go the electrical route. Kazakhstan has a lot of natural gas, but it is somewhere else.

These plants use coal, of which there is a lot here in Astana area, too. The fact that they heat with hot water that is generated from the electrical plants, means that the electrical plants, burning coal, have to be near the cities, or in the cities, which contributes to the air pollution. (to be continued)

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