The following is a continuation of yesterday’s blog about my Kazakhstani students responding to the question about Stalin and Vavilov whose life and reputation as a great scientist were destroyed by Soviet policies in the name of collectivization in Kazakhstan
A. Y. – Personally, I do not believe in the effectiveness of system existed in USSR. On my point of view, it’s only the people’s will that made socialism exist so long. Maybe because of that I do not have positive attitude towards Joseph Stalin. According to Christopher Robbins book there were millions of people who died, lots of prisons organized. And all of these facts were hidden from citizens. As I’ve heard, the extract from “Apples are from Kazakhstan” I’m more persuaded in my opinion. Yes, it’s a widespread thought that if there wouldn’t be Stalin’s politics in 1939-1945 USSR will not win Great Patriotic War. But I disagree with that. How can be admired such person, who killed intelligentsia (destroyed traditions, culture) who deported different nations without their wanting, who sent own citizens to Front of the fighting people?
L. K. – I know a bit about Joseph Stalin and when you ask older people in KZ, they all have different points of view about him. Some older generation people praise him and say good things about him. At the same time, there are many people who think that he was a despot, especially those whose close relatives suffered from his regime. For instance, if their husband or father was killed, sent away to the prison or camps because they were “enemies of nation” as Stalin said and they were not guilty. So many people died because of it, families had been destroyed. Their wives were sent to a special place to live, children couldn’t study at universities. During Stalin’s regime, people were afraid of everything. They were afraid to say something freely about the regime or their life otherwise they would be punished severely.
M.T. – I think that Joseph Stalin was a very bad leader, because he did everything just for Russia, not USSRMoscow and in its only interests. Also, he tried to erase the culture of nations, therefore, everyone spoke only Russian, learned Russian history and literature. He didn’t let people who didn’t think the way he did to live in their motherland. He tortured some of them worse than fascists. It is hard to think of what it could have been if he wasn’t a ruler. But for us personally, it could be that Uyghurs had their own country, separate from China or they still would be a part of ChinaKyrgyzstan and people who died in plane crash would have lived.
K. S. I think of course if in Soviet Union was no Stalin life of all people was different. Some people said that Stalin is a great man, but most people of course disagree. In Soviet Union was many prisons where famous people were, x-scientists and others. Vavilov was in prison too and he died there. I think its stupid to try to do nomad nature, culture and people into agricultural. From history we see that people can do nothing against nature and human nature. Stalin was powerful and even despotic man.
N. U. – J. Stalin was one of the famous persons in twentieth century. He controlled all over big land and huge population all over 30 years. In that time in , Stalin had a great impact to people, that they always felt afraid and also they felt patriotism of community. But today we have so many arguments about him, that the most starting hate him. And the many reasons was the year of 1925-35, but when there was Second World War, people from Kazakhstan say that he was great person. So, whatever person some to government, he will always have the enemy and people who loves him. So, it is political system and it is the main rule. Not all people will love government.